Compared to positive values, the way how negative values get stored in the computer is completely different. Most computers today, use
2's complement binary form to store a negative value. Let’s see how it’ll work.
consider, here I am storing
-27 in this variable.
The equivalent binary of
-27is the 2’s complement binary of its absolute value.
To get the absolute value of -27, just omit its sign i.e. you will get
27 as an absolute value.
To get 2’s complement binary value
- Find the equivalent binary of the absolute value.
- Find the one’s complement to the result of step1
- Add one to the 1’s complement binary result to get 2’s complement binary.
For example, here the absolute value of -27 is 27.
Step 1: The binary value of 27 is
Step 2: Find the one’s complement of this binary value.
Step 3: Add
1 to the one’s complement binary value, you will get the below two’s complement result.
This is the value that will get stored in the variable’s memory space.